Technologies being developed in Lithuania may be targeted by hostile foreign actors
Rapidly developing emerging and disruptive technologies (EDTs) play a major role in the global distribution of power among the U.S., China, and Russia. These technologies are increasingly regarded as a potential tool to achieve an economic breakthrough, strategic and operational military advantage. Therefore, countries pursue ambitious EDT development plans.
Emerging and disruptive technologies (EDTs) can replace or improve the functions of the existing technologies, influence new approaches and capabilities. Currently artificial intelligence, big data as well as quantum, autonomous, space, and other technologies hold the greatest potential.
With an increase in international technological competition and the sanctions on technology exports to Russia and Belarus in place, Western entities, including Lithuanian companies and academia, which specialise in EDT research and development, become potential targets for hostile states. Industry and science representatives from China, Russia, and other countries developing military technologies seek to collaborate with technology companies and the academic community, place profitable production orders, offer participation in joint research projects, or promise to invest in commercial technologies.
Companies and members of the academic community who become engaged in collaboration with third countries contributing to the development of military technologies put their future prospects at risk as such deals may damage their own reputation. Usually, hostile states strive to take over technologies and solutions developed by the West using the following methods:
- Business and science partnership, including contract negotiations and technology-based consultations
- Partnership with universities that have ties to defence contractors
- Foreign research funding or sponsorship
- Admission of international students to higher education institutions
- Participation in international trade exhibitions and conferences
- Recruiting technical experts to serve as advisors on government and industry projects
- Recruiting technical experts by intelligence services of hostile states