Targeted actions directed against Lithuania
The threats for the national energetic, economic, social, and informational security are determined by the geographical and geopolitical position of our state, i. e. the intent of the regional neighbours to control or affect the decisions made by our country and its politics.
Both governmental and non-governmental structures are used for the implementation of the interests of the foreign states in Lithuania and their funding is constantly increasing. Hostile security and intelligence authorities are engaged in activities directed against Lithuania; and such activities are comprehensively supported by the political authorities of their countries.
Currently, the main threat is caused by aggressive actions of the Russian Federation which violate the principles of peaceful international politics: annexation of Crimea, aggression of the neighbouring countries, the newest armament located by the borders of the Republic of Lithuania and exercises of offensive character. For the implementation of its political aims Russia uses military, economic, energetic, informational, and other civil measures.
In some European countries terrorism has become a huge threat. In Lithuania, there is no favourable environment for development of mass terrorist attacks and extremism; however, there is a high probability that our country may become a transit location for various terrorists.
In the world, the line between the war and peace is blurring and the conflict between the states is hidden, i. e. not only military but also economic, political, financial, informational, and cyber measures are chosen in this type of conflict. It is called a hybrid war (or a modern war).
In Lithuania, in recent years the threat of cyber and informational attacks has increased.
The number of cyber-attacks and other incidents of information technologies is growing annually. Illegal actions in cyber space are aimed to interfere with functioning of valuable information infrastructures and activities relevant to the national security or obtain secret information. The number of cyber-attacks and other incidents of information technologies is growing annually.
In addition to more intense traditional and modern forms of intelligence, it is constantly aimed to affect Lithuania with information warfare and dissemination of fake or alternative news.
The aim of psychological information warfare carried out by Russia is to strengthen the ideology of cynicism, to stir up people and to pollute the information field of the state, i. e. the war propaganda is being disseminated; there are attempts to distort Lithuanian historical memory, weaken the national identity, public spirit, and the desire of the citizens to protect their state. One of the most important aims of the propaganda is to descend the interests of the national security, to develop mistrust in state institutions and military forces, to discredit EU and NATO and to demolish the trust of citizens in these organizations.
Control of threats
The threats must be constantly reviewed and re-assessed, as they might be subject to changes and are changing.
To inform about the threats to Lithuania and its citizens and to promote the interest of the citizens in security issues, the State Security Department prepares and publishes the assessment of threats to the national security on the annual basis.
Since 2015 VSD publishes the prepared document with the relevant document of the Second Department of Operations Services under the Ministry of the National Defence.